White Spots on Teeth – The Causes and Treatments

Discoloured areas in the form of white spots can prevent a beautiful smile from truly shining through.

White spots that form on teeth are opaque patches of tooth enamel that may appear glass-like, creamy, or in certain cases, dark brown stains.

Although most men see white spots as undesirable, they are typically an aesthetic issue rather than a health issue. They rarely need to be a serious cause for concern from a medical point of view.

There are several possible causes for white spots, including poor dental hygiene, eating too many acidic or sugary foods, dental fluorosis and enamel hypoplasia.

Possible Causes of White Spots on your Teeth

Poor Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene throughout the tooth structure can cause demineralisation and lead to white spots appearing. Teeth are made up of many minerals and a strong coating of enamel covers them. Bad hygiene can cause bacteria to build up, which produce acid that subsequently weakens the enamel.

Diet

If you have a diet high in acidic foods or sugary drinks, you are more likely to develop white spots on your teeth. The accumulation of acid can damage and thin the enamel, which causes decalcification in your teeth, making them appear white.

Fluorosis

Fluorosis happens when excessive fluoride is ingested while the teeth still forming. This may happen through drinking water with a high fluoride content or swallowing fluoride toothpaste. Whilst fluoride helps to make teeth more resistant to decay, too much can be hazardous, causing enamel discoloration that can appear chalky white, yellow, or even brown.

Enamel Hypoplasia

Nutritional deficiencies during teeth development can cause a condition known as enamel hypoplasia. This is a defect of the teeth in which the enamel is hard but thin and deficient in amount. The enamel looks a lot like fluorosis, with spots varying from milky white to yellow to brownish, albeit may have a more linear appearance.

Celiac disease

The presence of white spots underneath the tooth enamel is one side effect of celiac disease. Celiac disease is a gluten allergy and can cause tissue damage due to malabsorption in the body of essential nutrients. This may cause hypoplasia of the enamel and other defects in the structure of the tooth.

How to Remove the White Spots

The good news is there are several possible treatments for white spots on the teeth. The suitability of these treatments depends on the underlying cause and the condition of your teeth.

Enamel microabrasion (enamel removal)

Some men may be able to have a microabrasion to treat their white spots. During this procedure, a dentist removes a small amount of enamel from the teeth to reduce the appearance of the white spots. This is typically followed by teeth bleaching to make the teeth appear more uniform in colour.

Teeth Whitening or Bleaching

Whitening or bleaching teeth can help to reduce the appearance of white spots and other stains. Check out the Man Behind the Mirror Teeth Whitening Kit and Gel Refils here.

Dental Veneer

Dental veneers are thin, protective coverings that attach to the front surface of a person’s teeth. They can conceal white spots and other blemishes very effectively.

Topical Fluoride

A dentist may apply topical fluoride to the teeth of people with enamel hypoplasia. This may encourage the development of enamel on the teeth and help prevent tooth decay.

Composite Resin

For people with enamel hypoplasia, a dentist may apply composite resin to fill in cavities and to bond the outer enamel of the teeth. This may not be suitable if people have large numbers of white spots on their teeth.

Reduce intake of Acidic Food and Sugary Drink

Whilst occasional consumption may be harmless, too much may damage to enamel, resulting in blemishes including white spots. Drinking water after consuming high sugary food and drinks can help wash them off the teeth and reduce the chances of damage.

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